2 edition of Ford/ERDA sodium/sulfur battery development found in the catalog.
Ford/ERDA sodium/sulfur battery development
S. A Weiner
1979 by Dept. of Energy, Division of Energy Storage Systems, for sale by the National Technical Information Service] in [Washington], [Springfield, Va .
Written in English
|Statement||submitted by S. A. Weiner, Research Staff, Ford Motor Company|
|Series||TID ; 28989|
|Contributions||Ford Motor Company. Engineering and Research Staff, Ford Motor Company. Scientific Laboratory, United States. Dept. of Energy. Division of Energy Storage Systems, United States. Energy Research and Development Administration|
|The Physical Object|
Goodenough was one of the scientists invited to monitor a breakthrough at Ford: a sodium-sulfur car battery that inverted the lead-acid design. The molten sodium anode and molten sulfur cathode, coupled with a solid ceramic electrolyte, formed a battery that was both lighter than, and had 15 times the energy density of, a lead-acid battery. Maximize Battery Life with Long-Duration Energy Storage N GK INSULATORS, LTD. has introduced a Sodium Sulfur Battery System technology -- NAS ® battery -- that is currently the only commercially mature, large-scale energy storage technology that can be installed anywhere. NAS battery can be used for a variety of clients, including: ・Power plants. At the same time that Ford of Europe was developing the Comuta, the Ford Scientific Research Laboratory in Dearborn, MI, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, initiated development of the sodium-sulfur battery, a new type of electric storage cell, based on the sodium-sulfur (NaS) electrochemical couple. The sodium-sulfur battery is emerging as a prime high-temperature energy storage technology for space flight applications. Useable specific energy of two to three times that of Ni-H2 batteries is the key advantage of Na-S. This represents a significant launch cost savings, and increased payload mass capability.
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Get this from a library. Ford/ERDA sodium/sulfur battery development. [S A Weiner; Ford Motor Company. Engineering and Research Staff.; United States. Department of Energy. Division of Energy Storage Systems.; United States. Energy Research and Development Administration.].
Abstract Progress is reported in the development of a sodium-sulfur battery. Topics covered include: (1) specifications for an electric vehicle battery to meet a duty cycle of miles CVS; (2) system design and component development for a 1-MW load leveling battery; (3) chromium-nickel alloys for use as the sulfur container material; (4) ceramic electrolyte tubing and sealing.
Ford/ERDA sodium--sulfur battery development, Phase I. Final report, J Ma Technical Report Weiner, S A The pre-pilot facility for the batch production .''-alumina tubing was designed and remodeled. technical characteristics of the Ford sodium-sulfur (NaS) battery (3) there has been much development of the Ford battery and several other organizations are working on similar NaS systems.
(4,5,6, 7) The purpose of this paper is to describe battery requirements for a practical, realizable electric vehicle and to discuss the hopes and. A development program for sodium-sulfur electric vehicle (EV) batteries has been successfully completed Ford/ERDA sodium/sulfur battery development book U.S.
Department of Energy and Ford Motor Company sponsorship. The program objectives were to verify the projected performance benefits of sodium-sulfur in EV applications, and to demonstrate improved cell and battery reliability.
battery systems are encouraging. Metal sulfur batteries are an attractive choice since the sulfur cathode is abundant and oﬀers an extremely high theoretical capacity of Ford/ERDA sodium/sulfur battery development book h g 1 upon complete discharge.
Sodium also has high natural abundance and a res pectable electrochemical reduction potential ( V vs. standard hydrogen electrode).Cited by: High and intermediate temperature sodium–sulfur batteries for energy storage: development, challenges and perspectives Article (PDF Available) in.
Sodium-Based Battery Development Erik D. Spoerke, Ph.D. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM characterization to drive the development of new sodium-based batteries toward commercial application.
• Low temperature sodium-sulfur Objective: We aim to develop low cost, low temperature, safe. The sodium-sulfur battery is another type of battery under development. This technology has already been operated in some countries, such as Japan.
The installed capacity of sodium battery is about MW. The technological advantage of the sodium battery is its high power density, long battery lifetime (usually over 10 years) and high.
Batteries for Energy Storage Battery Items NAS Redox Flow (Vanadium) Lead-Acid Zinc- Bromine Voltage V Theoretical Energy Density Wh/kg Wh/l Efficiency %-DC 85 80 85 80 Temperature deg.
C ～ 40～80 5～50 20～50 Electrolyte β”-Alumina SolidFile Size: 3MB. Ford Motor Company This secondary battery uses liquid sodium as an anode and liquid sulfur as the oxidant in the cathode compartment.
The cathode can be porous carbon. The electrolyte is a solid ceramic membrane which is impervious to and resistant to chemical attack by sodium, sodium polysulfides, and sulfur. It operates in the temperature. Chloride silent Power Limited (CSPL) has developed a number of laboratory and field test batteries in support of its sodium sulfur development program.
The most demanding of these test batteries is being developed for the Ford ETX-II electric vehicle, under a three year contract from the US Department of by: 2. Sodium Sulfur Battery Energy Storage And Its Potential To Enable Further Integration of Wind (Wind-to-Battery Project) Xcel Energy Renewable Development Fund Contract # RD J.
Himelic, F. Novachek Xcel Energy Data Collection and Analysis Report (Milestone 5) July 7. Research on sodium sulfur battery for energy storage Article (PDF Available) in Solid State Ionics (s 27–32)– September with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'. The Ford Sodium-Sulfur battery is evaluated for applications in electric vehicles.
The required power and energy ratings of a battery to achieve acceptable performance and driving range for a specific commuter-type vehicle are calculated and discussed. The relative merits of the use of mechanical trCited by: 2.
Details of the sodium sulfur battery were first released in by Ford Motor Company. Sodium sulfur battery applies sodium and sulfur as the anode and cathode respectively, and beta-Al 2 O 3 ceramic acts as both the electrolyte and separator simultaneously.
Tubular configuration of the sodium sulfur battery allows the volume change of the electrodes during Cited by: Sodium–sulfur battery A sodium–sulfur battery is a type of molten-salt battery constructed from liquid sodium (Na) and sulfur (S).This type of battery.
Ford/D.O.E. sodium-sulfur battery electric vehicle development and demonstration. [Washington]: Dept. of Energy, Division of Transportation Energy Conservation ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document.
After twenty-five years of active research and development and millions of dollars, pounds and marks invested the funding dried up and the sodium-sulfur battery quietly disappeared.
The book itself is not particularly well written and many of the graphs are too crowded that the point they are trying to make is lost in the by: The Online Books Page. Online Books by. United States. Department of Energy. Books from the extended shelves: United States. Department of Energy: MWe OTEC alternate power systems: final report / ([Washington]: Dept.
of Energy, ), also by Westinghouse Electric Generation Divisions (page images at HathiTrust). In a room-temperature sodium–sulfur (RT Na–S) battery, the complicated reduction reaction of the sulfur cathode generally involves two main steps: (i) transformation of elemental sulfur into long-chain soluble sodium polysulfides (Na2Sn 4 ≤ n ≤ 8) and (ii) conversion of the long-chain sodium polysulfides into solid-state short-chain polysulfide Na2S2 or disulfide by: In addition, organic solvents at lower temperatures could potentially access a greater portion of the theoretical energy density of the Na 2 S since the high melting point of the polysulfides limits the stoichiometric window of sodium to sulfur to ∼ 48 This thinking led to the development of the IT NaS battery, firstly introduced from.
In Ford Motor Company invented the Sodium-Sulfur (NaS) liquid metal battery for electric vehicle application. The high power density and high energy capacity looked promising but the high operating temperature of °C caused Ford to drop research and development.
Ford developed the sodium-sulfur battery technology inbut had not developed it commercially. Development was later picked up in Europe. Development was later picked up in Europe. The Ecostar was introduced as a purely experimental effort, to help develop all aspects of electric vehicle design from engineering to supplier development to market cturer: Ford of Europe.
Raman studies of sulfur-containing anions in inorganic polysulfides. Barium trisulfide. Inorganic Chemistry15 (8), DOI: /ica Joanna Borowiec, William P Gillin, Maureen A C Willis, Filippo S Boi, Y He, J Q Wen, S L Wang, Leander by: Sodium sulfur battery is a standout amongst the most promising candidates for energy storage applications.
Sodium Sulfur batteries or NaS batteries were initially created by the Ford Motor Company in the s and later on sold to NGK, the Japanese Company. Work during the past year on the development of a sodium--sulfur battery system for bulk storage of energy is described. Two initial cell/module/system designs are discussed.
The cell in these preliminary designs consists of many individual beta-alumina tubes used as the separator between single sodium and sulfur : Fischer, W.
development of the rechargeable lithium-ion battery in the s, U.S. firms at that time declined to pursue the industry, leaving it to better established electronics companies in Japan. As a result, the United States for years had almost no presence in lithium-ion batteries.
Sodium–sulfur battery explained. A sodium–sulfur battery is a type of molten-salt battery constructed from liquid sodium (Na) and sulfur (S). This type of battery has a high energy density, high efficiency of charge/discharge and long cycle life, and is fabricated from inexpensive operating temperatures of to °C and the highly corrosive nature of the sodium.
↑ An Advanced Lithium Sulfur Battery Online Library ↑ Sodium Ion Batteries Online Library ↑ Main Challenges for High Performance NAS Battery: Materials and Interfaces Online Library ↑ Sodium Ion Batteries Online Library ↑ Sodium Ion Batteries Online Library ↑ Progress in Flow Battery Research & Development Repository.
Development of the Na/S cell, first announced by the Ford Motor Company inwas made possible by the discovery of the high ionic conductivity of sodium ions in beta-alumina ceramic .
In the intervening 25 years, Na/S cells have undergone continual development, and the. Inhe joined British Rail at its new technology centre in Derby which, among other things, aimed to adapt the research of two Ford scientists who had been developing a sodium sulfur battery.
Battery energy storage is being used for various power system applications such as for load leveling, uninterruptible power supply and power quality custom devices. Sodium sulfur (NAS) battery is an advanced secondary battery developed by Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and NGK Insulators, Ltd.
since .File Size: KB. A sodium–sulfur battery is a type of molten-salt battery constructed from liquid sodium (Na) and sulfur (S). This type of battery has a high energy density, high efficiency of charge/discharge and long cycle life, and is fabricated from inexpensive operating temperatures of to °C and the highly corrosive nature of the sodium polysulfides, primarily make them.
Sodium-sulfur battery. Sodium-sulfur battery cells (NaS batteries) are different because they typically have a cylindrical shape (Energy Storage Association, ). Hereby, the (liquid) sodium cathode is situated on the inside and the (liquid) of sulfur anode is on the outside/5(3).
Ecostars now being driven on U.S. highways are milestone vehicles in that they're the first to travel under power of advanced batteries. The 37 kWh, pound sodium-sulfur battery, built by ABB (Heidelberg, Germany) for Ford, allows the pound Ecostar to achieve a conservative Federal Urban Driving Schedule range of miles.
"The development of sodium sulfur batteries is perfecting the electric vehicle," said Paul J. Brown, executive director of the Electric Vehicle Association, a group of auto and battery makers. Sodium Sulfur Batteries Market: Region-wise Outlook The global sodium sulfur batteries market is expected to register an optimistic CAGR for the forecast period.
Depending on geographic regions, global sodium sulfur batteries market is segmented into seven key regions: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Asia Pacific /5(20). Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for The Powerhouse: Inside the Invention of a Battery to Save the World at Read honest /5.
A stable room-temperature analogue of the rechargeable Na–S battery with a higher theoretical-specific energy of 1, W h kg −1 (r 19) has to date proven remarkably elusive, despite Cited by:.
A sodium–sulfur battery or liquid metal battery is a type of molten metal battery  constructed from sodium (Na) and sulfur (S). This type of battery has a high energy density, high efficiency of charge/discharge (89–92%) and long cycle life, and is fabricated from inexpensive r, because of the operating temperatures of to °C and the highly.
Cite this paper as: Knödler R. () Properties of Na/S and LiAl/FeS high-performance batteries with molten salt electrolyte. In: Bennemann K.H., Brouers F., Quitmann D.
(eds) Ionic Liquids, Molten Salts and by: 1.The oil crisis of the 's caused another wave of interest in EVs. Ford continued development of their sodium-sulfur battery and Chrysler teamed with GE to work on the ETV-1 program.
GM began work on their Electrovette, based on the Chevette. At the same time many independent EV companies began to appear such as Sebring/Vanguard.